A 40% shortfall of water across the globe by 2030 could severely affect power generation. That’s the prediction of the World Energy Council (WEC), which is calling for immediate action in order to secure resilient energy infrastructure. The energy industry is the second largest user of freshwater after agriculture, it states, with water used all along the value chain in primary production as well as power generation.
Around 98% of the power currently produced needs water, it adds. The WEC’s report states the risks posed by the energy-water-food nexus will become more significant because of the growing demand. It highlights reductions in usable water capacity could impact two thirds of the 24,515 hydropower plants analysed and more than 80% of the 1,472 thermal electric power plants between 2014 and 2069.